Kuntaw Ng Piliipinas-1960/MKA-1960
The Seven Values of Kuntaw
1. Balance (Panimbang):
Is the all-important factor in the fighters attitude or stance. without balance at all times, he can never be effective.
Balance is achieved only through correct body alignment. The feet, legs, trunk, and head are all important in the creating and maintaining a balance position. They are the vehicle of the body force. Keeping the feet in proper relation to each other, as well as the body helps to maintain correct body alignment.
The secret of proper stance is to keep the feet directly under the body. this position permits relaxation, speed, and easy movements as well as a mechanical advantage making possible tremendous power or force.
2. Coordination (Kordination):
Is by all means one of the most important consideration in this study of proficiency in Martial Arts. coordination is the quality which enables the individual to integrate all the power and capacities of his organism into an effective doing of an act.
Before movement can take place, there must be a change of Muscular tension on both sides of the joint to be moved. The effectiveness of this muscular teamwork is one of the factors which determines limits of speed, endurance, power, ability, and accuracy in all Martial Art performances. Any excessive tension in the lengthening muscles acts as a brake and thereby slows and weakens the action.
The outstanding characteristic of KUNTAW experts is his ease of movements even during maximal effort. The ease is his ability to perform with minimal antagonistic tension.
Learning coordination is a matter of training the nervous system and not a question of training muscles. It is present in some performers but can be improved by all.
3. Endurance (Endurance):
Is developed by hard and continuous practice which exceeds the steady psychological state and produces near exhaustion temporarily. The best form of endurance exercise is the practice of shadow-boxing, jogging, sit ups/push ups and a continuous practice schedule. Endurance training should include more longer work outs than what has been customary. Keep your mind tuned-up to keep your body in tone.
4. Posture (Tindig/Tayo):
Is the position of the body. Good posture enables a person to move with grace and ease. Good posture is important because the body must have a strong foundation to impart power. The foundation principle in KUNTAW is balance, ease, and primarily good posture. This must be learned first.
5. Power (Lakas):
To be accurate, the striking or throwing skill should be executed from a body base that possesses enough strength to maintain adequate balance during action. A powerful Kuntawista is not a strong or huge Kuntawista, but one who can exert his strength quickly. Since power, equal force times speed, if the performer learns to make faster movements, he increases his force even though the contractile pulling strength of his muscles remain unchanged. Thus a smaller person who can swing faster may hit as far or as hard as the heavier man who swings slowly. If the power isn't coming through, find the block and remove it.
6. Timing (Tiempo):
Is an integral part of leverage. Timing a blow is the secret of powerful hitting. Timing one's blow in KUNTAW is the art of hitting the adversary as he comes forward.
The good fighter out-guesses his competitor or rival and whenever possible takes the initiative and influences the reaction of his opponent. Then, his actions are carried out purposefully and without hesitation. This requires confidence and faith in his ability.
In general, timing here means that you initiate your attack or movements when your opponent has started preparation of attack. This timing becomes a question of taking advantage of the slight interval before he can readjust himself to make a blocking.
7. Speed (Bilis):
Is expressed in unit of length divided by units of time as "miles per hour or feet per second." It is a quick action. Speed as a rate of motion differs from velocity in that, speed indicates only the magnitudes of the change and not the direction.
Types of speed (Uri ng Bilis):
A. Mental Speed - quickness of mind in what to select the right move to frustrate and counter the opponents.
B. Perceptual Speed - quickness of eye to see an opening to discourage the opponent, enough to confuse him and slow him down.
C. Alteration Speed - quickness, alertness, and ability change direction midstream which involves control of balance and inertial.